Henry Arrowsmith

King's Liverpool Regiment

Personal Details

Born: George Henry in 1871 in either Ash or Ightfield, Shropshire. He was always known as Henry.

Family: The last of seven children born to Samuel and Annie Arrowsmith. Samuel died in 1876 and Annie remarried in 1880 to Abraham Griffiths. Henry married Annie Hall in 1902 and together they had one child, John Henry.

Residence: In 1881 Henry was living in Foxes lane, Broughall, Whitchurch, Shropshire with his mother, step father and some of his siblings. By 1891 he had moved to Ightfield, Shropshire as a boarder and in 1901 he was boarding in Fauls Green, Shropshire. The 1911 Census saw him at 1 Ashford Cottages, Market Drayton, Shropshire with his wife and son.

Employment: He was a cowman on a farm.

Died: In 1935; his wife Annie predeceased him in 1932.

Military Details

Regiment: The King’s (Liverpool Regiment)

Rank: Sergeant

Service Number: 28349

Date of Enlistment: 9 October 1914

Date of Discharge: 16 April 1917

Reason for Discharge: No longer physically fit

Other Information: Prior to WW1 Henry had periods of service in the Shropshire Light Infantry (2261 and 3131 commencing 23 September 1889), Royal Garrison Artillery (5597 commencing 10 September 1902) and the Militia Reserve (5058 commencing 18 August 1905). He served in the Boer War and was awarded the Queen’s South Africa Medal with 4 clasps. He contracted syphilis in Calcutta, India in August 1895 and faced 2 separate Courts of Enquiry being exonerated by both.

Henry is commemorated on the Crewe Boer War memorial.

Medals and Awards

Henry was awarded the Campaign Medals (British War Medal, and Victory Medal).

Campaign Medals

Great War History Hub Whitchurch Shropshire Medals Front Image

The British War Medal (also known as 'Squeak') was a silver or bronze medal awarded to officers and men of the British and Imperial Forces who either entered a theatre of war or entered service overseas between 5th August 1914 and 11th November 1918 inclusive. This was later extended to services in Russia, Siberia and some other areas in 1919 and 1920. Approximately 6.5 million British War Medals were issued. Approximately 6.4 million of these were the silver versions of this medal. Around 110,000 of a bronze version were issued mainly to Chinese, Maltese and Indian Labour Corps. The front (obv or obverse) of the medal depicts the head of George V. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

The Allied Victory Medal (also known as 'Wilfred') was issued by each of the allies. It was decided that each of the allies should each issue their own bronze victory medal with a similar design, similar equivalent wording and identical ribbon. The British medal was designed by W. McMillan. The front depicts a winged classical figure representing victory. Approximately 5.7 million victory medals were issued. Interestingly, eligibility for this medal was more restrictive and not everyone who received the British War Medal ('Squeak') also received the Victory Medal ('Wilfred'). However, in general, all recipients of 'Wilfred' also received 'Squeak' and all recipients of The 1914 Star or The 1914/1915 Star (also known as 'Pip') also received both 'Squeak' and 'Wilfred'. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

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