James Arrowsmith

Royal Field Artillery

Personal Details

Born: 30 September 1885

Family: Eldest of five children born to William and Caroline Arrowsmith. In 1952 he married Emily Eliza Dunn. The 1939 Register identified his wife as Edith D Arrowsmith which suggests he may have been married twice; we can find no records relating to a first marriage.

Residence: In both the 1891 and 1901 the family were living in Ash Magna near Whitchurch, Shropshire. In 1911 he was visiting London. At the time of the 1939 Register he was living with his wife at 12 Simon’s Road, Market Drayton, Shropshire.

Employment: At 15 years of age James was working as a groom. Ten years later, in 1911, his occupation was that of valet. In 1939 he was working for the Automobile Association as a patrolman.

Died:  18 February 1954 in Whitchurch.

Military Details

Regiment: Royal Field Artillery

Rank: Private/Gunner

Service Number: 116140

Date of Enlistment: Not known

Date of Discharge: Not known

Reason for Discharge: Not known

Medals and Awards

James was awarded the Campaign Medals (British War Medal, and Victory Medal).

Campaign Medals

Great War History Hub Whitchurch Shropshire Medals Front Image

The British War Medal (also known as 'Squeak') was a silver or bronze medal awarded to officers and men of the British and Imperial Forces who either entered a theatre of war or entered service overseas between 5th August 1914 and 11th November 1918 inclusive. This was later extended to services in Russia, Siberia and some other areas in 1919 and 1920. Approximately 6.5 million British War Medals were issued. Approximately 6.4 million of these were the silver versions of this medal. Around 110,000 of a bronze version were issued mainly to Chinese, Maltese and Indian Labour Corps. The front (obv or obverse) of the medal depicts the head of George V. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

The Allied Victory Medal (also known as 'Wilfred') was issued by each of the allies. It was decided that each of the allies should each issue their own bronze victory medal with a similar design, similar equivalent wording and identical ribbon. The British medal was designed by W. McMillan. The front depicts a winged classical figure representing victory. Approximately 5.7 million victory medals were issued. Interestingly, eligibility for this medal was more restrictive and not everyone who received the British War Medal ('Squeak') also received the Victory Medal ('Wilfred'). However, in general, all recipients of 'Wilfred' also received 'Squeak' and all recipients of The 1914 Star or The 1914/1915 Star (also known as 'Pip') also received both 'Squeak' and 'Wilfred'. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

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