William Arrowsmith

Royal Flying Corps

Born: 19 October 1882

Family: Eldest child of Alfred and Ellen Arrowsmith of Foxes Lane Broughall. In March 1910, William married Mabel Gill and they had a son, Leonard.

Civilian Occupation: At 18 William was an apprentice to a gardener (not domestic); however, in 1907 he became a locomotive fireman. The 1939 Register records him as a locomotive driver.

Residence: At the time of the 1911 Census, he lived at 102 Ruskin Road, Crewe, Cheshire. The 1939 Register records the family living at 56 Smallbrook Road, Whitchurch, Shropshire

Died: 27 October 1948 aged 66.

Regiment: Royal Flying Corps, (previously 6651 Royal North Lancashire Regiment)

Rank: Sergeant

Service Number: B104662

Date of Enlistment: 8 November 1901

Date of Discharge: 7 October 1917

Reason for Discharge: Demobilisation

At the outbreak of war he joined the Royal North Lancashire regiment but was subsequently transferred to the Royal Flying Corps in October 1917.


Medals and Awards

William was awarded the Campaign Medals (British War Medal and Allied Victory Medal) and the 1914 Star.

Campaign Medals

Great War History Hub Whitchurch Shropshire Medals Front Image

The 1914 Star (also known as 'Pip') was authorised under Special Army Order no. 350 in November 1917 and by an Admiralty Fleet Order in 1918, for award to officers and men of the British and Indian Expeditionary Forces who served in France or Belgium between 5 August and midnight of 22–23 November 1914. The former date is the day after Britain's declaration of war against the Central Powers, and the closing date marks the end of the First Battle of Ypres.

The 1914–15 Star (also known as 'Pip') was instituted in December 1918 and was awarded to officers and men of British and Imperial forces who served against the Central European Powers in any theatre of the Great War between 5 August 1914 and 31 December 1915. The period of eligibility was prior to the introduction of the Military Service Act 1916, which instituted conscription in Britain.

The British War Medal (also known as 'Squeak') was a silver or bronze medal awarded to officers and men of the British and Imperial Forces who either entered a theatre of war or entered service overseas between 5th August 1914 and 11th November 1918 inclusive. This was later extended to services in Russia, Siberia and some other areas in 1919 and 1920. Approximately 6.5 million British War Medals were issued. Approximately 6.4 million of these were the silver versions of this medal. Around 110,000 of a bronze version were issued mainly to Chinese, Maltese and Indian Labour Corps. The front (obv or obverse) of the medal depicts the head of George V. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

The Allied Victory Medal (also known as 'Wilfred') was issued by each of the allies. It was decided that each of the allies should each issue their own bronze victory medal with a similar design, similar equivalent wording and identical ribbon. The British medal was designed by W. McMillan. The front depicts a winged classical figure representing victory. Approximately 5.7 million victory medals were issued. Interestingly, eligibility for this medal was more restrictive and not everyone who received the British War Medal ('Squeak') also received the Victory Medal ('Wilfred'). However, in general, all recipients of 'Wilfred' also received 'Squeak' and all recipients of The 1914 Star or The 1914/1915 Star (also known as 'Pip') also received both 'Squeak' and 'Wilfred'. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

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