Thomas Barnett Cartwright

Royal Army Service Corps

Personal Details

Born: 15th March 1894 and baptised 1st April 1894.

Family: Son of Thomas George and Mary Ann, brother of Ethel. Married Annie Nevitt in 1921 at Whitchurch, Shropshire. Together they had two children, Thomas W and Henry J.

Residence: Born in Kirkdale, Liverpool, Lancashire. Seven years later in 1901 Thomas was living with his mother, sister and grandparents at 13 Belton Road, Whitchurch, Shropshire. The 1911 census lists the same address for Thomas as does his 1915 enlistment form. After the war Thomas and Annie must have moved to Kendal in Cumbria as both their children were born there in the 1920s. The 1939 register records the couple living in Harlescott, Shrewsbury, Shropshire with their younger son.

Employment: In 1911 Thomas’s occupation was that of reporter and four years later newspaper reporter. In 1939 he was a journalist

Died: 1957 in Shrewsbury aged 63

Military Details

Regiment: Army Service Corps

Rank: Acting sergeant

Service Number: S4/144030

Date of Enlistment: 1st November 1915

Date of Discharge: 18th February 1919 transferred to Reserve

Reason for Discharge: Demobilisation


Medals and Awards

Thomas was awarded the Campaign Medals (British War Medal, and Victory Medal), the Meritorious Service Medal, the Belgium Croix de Guerre, and Mentioned in Despatches.

Campaign Medals

Great War History Hub Whitchurch Shropshire Medals Front Image

The British War Medal (also known as 'Squeak') was a silver or bronze medal awarded to officers and men of the British and Imperial Forces who either entered a theatre of war or entered service overseas between 5th August 1914 and 11th November 1918 inclusive. This was later extended to services in Russia, Siberia and some other areas in 1919 and 1920. Approximately 6.5 million British War Medals were issued. Approximately 6.4 million of these were the silver versions of this medal. Around 110,000 of a bronze version were issued mainly to Chinese, Maltese and Indian Labour Corps. The front (obv or obverse) of the medal depicts the head of George V. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

The Allied Victory Medal (also known as 'Wilfred') was issued by each of the allies. It was decided that each of the allies should each issue their own bronze victory medal with a similar design, similar equivalent wording and identical ribbon. The British medal was designed by W. McMillan. The front depicts a winged classical figure representing victory. Approximately 5.7 million victory medals were issued. Interestingly, eligibility for this medal was more restrictive and not everyone who received the British War Medal ('Squeak') also received the Victory Medal ('Wilfred'). However, in general, all recipients of 'Wilfred' also received 'Squeak' and all recipients of The 1914 Star or The 1914/1915 Star (also known as 'Pip') also received both 'Squeak' and 'Wilfred'. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

Meritorious Service Medal

Meritorious Service Medal

The following Whitchurch men were recipients of the Meritorious Service Medal :

M2/167596 Private Alfred James Woolley, Royal Army Service Corps
Whitchurch, Shropshire – 14 May 1920

S4/144030 Corporal Thomas Barnett Cartwight, Army Service Corps
Whitchurch, Shropshire – 14 June 1918

Sapper J Harvey

Corporal T E Houghton

N.B. the date given is when the announcement appeared in the London Gazette

Belgium Croix de Guerre

Belgian Croix de Guerre

The World War I Croix de guerre was established by royal decree on 25 October 1915 as an award for bravery or other military virtue on the battlefield. It was only awarded to individuals. The Croix de guerre was not only awarded for bravery but also for three years or more of service on the front line, or for good conduct on the battlefield. It was also awarded to volunteers older than 40 or younger than 16 after a minimum of 18 months of service, to escaped prisoners of war rejoining the armed forces, and to military personnel who were placed on inactive duty because of injury.

Click on the tag below to see details of each recipient.

Mentioned In Despatches

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