St John Charlton

St John Alan Charlton

Personal Details

St John Alan Charlton born on the Cholmondley Estate in 1889, the only son of St John and Elizabeth Bronwen Charlton of 9 Sloane Gardens, London.

Educated at Eton, St John attended the Agricultural College of Cirencester and enlisted in the Bedfordshire Regiment prior to the outset of World War 1.

Military Details

Regiment : 4th Battalion (attached to the 1st Battalion) Bedfordshire Regiment

Rank : Lieutenant
Service Number :

Killed in action; France 26 October 1914 Aged 24

Medals and Awards
St John was awarded the Campaign Medals (1914/15 Star with clasp, British War Medal and Allied Victory Medal)

Campaign Medals

Great War History Hub Whitchurch Shropshire Medals Front Image

The 1914 Star (also known as 'Pip') was authorised under Special Army Order no. 350 in November 1917 and by an Admiralty Fleet Order in 1918, for award to officers and men of the British and Indian Expeditionary Forces who served in France or Belgium between 5 August and midnight of 22–23 November 1914. The former date is the day after Britain's declaration of war against the Central Powers, and the closing date marks the end of the First Battle of Ypres.

The 1914–15 Star (also known as 'Pip') was instituted in December 1918 and was awarded to officers and men of British and Imperial forces who served against the Central European Powers in any theatre of the Great War between 5 August 1914 and 31 December 1915. The period of eligibility was prior to the introduction of the Military Service Act 1916, which instituted conscription in Britain.

The British War Medal (also known as 'Squeak') was a silver or bronze medal awarded to officers and men of the British and Imperial Forces who either entered a theatre of war or entered service overseas between 5th August 1914 and 11th November 1918 inclusive. This was later extended to services in Russia, Siberia and some other areas in 1919 and 1920. Approximately 6.5 million British War Medals were issued. Approximately 6.4 million of these were the silver versions of this medal. Around 110,000 of a bronze version were issued mainly to Chinese, Maltese and Indian Labour Corps. The front (obv or obverse) of the medal depicts the head of George V. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

The Allied Victory Medal (also known as 'Wilfred') was issued by each of the allies. It was decided that each of the allies should each issue their own bronze victory medal with a similar design, similar equivalent wording and identical ribbon. The British medal was designed by W. McMillan. The front depicts a winged classical figure representing victory. Approximately 5.7 million victory medals were issued. Interestingly, eligibility for this medal was more restrictive and not everyone who received the British War Medal ('Squeak') also received the Victory Medal ('Wilfred'). However, in general, all recipients of 'Wilfred' also received 'Squeak' and all recipients of The 1914 Star or The 1914/1915 Star (also known as 'Pip') also received both 'Squeak' and 'Wilfred'. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

Further Information

Nantwich Guardian 3 November 1914

Report in the Nantwich Guardian 3 November 1914 of the death of St John Alan Charlton


Mr. St. John Charlton, agent to the Marquess of Cholmondley, received the following wire from the War Office on Friday morning: - Deeply regret to inform you that Lieut. St. John Charlton, Bedfordshire Regiment, was killed in action on October 25th or 26th. Lord Kitchener expresses his sympathy.
Lieut. Charlton was the only son of Mr. and Mrs. St. John Charlton. He was formerly in the 4th Bedfords, and only recently he was drafted to the 1st Battalion for active service. He was 24 years of age, and was educated at Eton, subsequently attending the Agricultural College at Cirencester. He was a well-known rider to hounds with the Cheshire Hunt, was fond of a game of cricket, frequently playing for Cholmondley, and he was also an amateur actor of no mean ability. For some years he was a member of the Buckley Church Choir. Great sympathy is extended to Mr. and Mrs. St. John Charlton in their loss of a son who was particularly bright and cheerful disposition, and who won the esteem of everyone he met,."

Nantwich Guardian 3 November 1914

Nantwich Guardian 13 November 1914

Report in the Nantwich Guardian 13 November 1914 of the memorial Service for the late Lieutenant Charlton

“A memorial service was held at St. Wenefrede’s Church, Bickley, on Saturday afternoon to Lieutenant St. John Alan Charlton, who was killed in action on October 25th. There was a large congregation.
The service was conducted by the Vicar, the Rev. E. F. Gorst, M.A., while the lesson was read by the Rev. and Hon. A. R. Parker. The Rev. J. L. Vincent, vicar of Marbury, was also present. The mourners included Mr. St. John Charlton (father), Mrs. St. John Charlton (mother), Miss Charlton (sister), Miss Vanda Charlton (sister), The Hon. Mary Hughes (aunt), The Hon. Mrs. Brodrick (aunt), Miss H. Hughes (aunt), Colonel Howard, the Marchioness of Cholmondley, Sir Edward and Lady Cotton-Jodrell, the Hon. Mrs Blezart (Cloverley), Mr. and Mrs. George Barbour (Bolesworth Castle), Mr. Harry Dewhurst, Mr. Harry Kevill Davies, Mr. R. L. Greenshields, Mrs. B. D. Poole (Marbury Hall), Mrs. Hubert Wilson (Barmere House), the Rev. L. Vawdrey (Tushingham), Miss Cox, Dr. Paulin (Malpas), Mr. Rimmer, and others.
The whole of the household servants, and nearly all the tenants and employees on the Cholmondley home estates were present. These included Mr. Ewan Langley, Mr. R. Bourne, Mr. W. Bithell, Mr. R. C. Brieley, Mr. George Hopley, Mr C. W. Flack, Mr. W. Thomasson, Mr. Frederick Perry, Mr. Frank Dodd, Mr. Samuel Langley, Mr. William Harding, and many others. The service opened with the singing of Lieutenant Charlton’s favourite hymn, “Lord, I hear showers of blessing.” The other hymns were ” For all the saints who from their labours rest” and “Abide with me, fast falls the eventide.” The service was fully choral, and the organ was beautifully played by Mrs. E. F. Gorst The 39th Psalm was devoutly sung. The Dead March was played and the service closed with the singing of the Nunc Dimittis.”

Birmingham Daily Post 6th September 1917

De Ruvigny's Roll of Honour, 1914-1919

Taken from Forces War Records

Will of St John Alan Charlton
Charlton, St. John Alan of Cholmondley Malpas Cheshire died 26 October 1914 in France or Belgium on active service Administration London 11 January to St. John Charlton esquire. Effects £2835 10s. 8d.

Taken from Forces War Records

If you can provide any further information on St John Alan Charlton please get in touch by leaving a comment below, using our Contact Form or by calling in to Whitchurch Heritage Centre.

Information provided by Whitchurch Museum and Archives

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

We want to make sure you're human! * Time limit is exhausted. Please reload the CAPTCHA.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.