John Ernest Challinor

Royal Engineers

Personal Details

Born: Baptised 13 Oct 1886 at St Alkmunds Church, Whitchurch, Shropshire. His surname was sometimes spelt Challenor.

Family: Eldest of the seven children of John and Jane Challinor. In 1919 John married Florence Windsor in Whitchurch, Shropshire and together they had four children, Blodwen J, Ernest O, Vera and Daisy M.

Residence: In 1886 the family lived in Sherrymill Hill, Whitchurch, Shropshire. Five years later they were living in Claypit Street and by 1901 they had moved to Wrexham Road. In 1911 John’s father had died and the family were residing at 11 St Mary’s Street, Whitchurch. In 1966 his address was 7 Chester Road, Whitchurch.

Employment: At age 15 John was a grocer’s errand boy. By 1911 he was a gardener

Died: In 1966 aged 80 and was buried on 29 December 1966 in Whitchurch Cemetery

Military Details

Regiment: Royal Engineers

Rank: Acting Corporal

Service Number: 80571

Date of Enlistment: Approximately January 1915, according to time served on medical report

Date of Discharge: Not known

Reason for Discharge: Not known

Other Information: Was hospitalised 21 July 1917 due to recrudescence of malaria. Surname sometimes spelt Challenor.

Medals and Awards

John was awarded the Campaign Medals (British War Medal, Victory Medal and 1914/15 Star.).

Campaign Medals

Great War History Hub Whitchurch Shropshire Medals Front Image

The 1914 Star (also known as 'Pip') was authorised under Special Army Order no. 350 in November 1917 and by an Admiralty Fleet Order in 1918, for award to officers and men of the British and Indian Expeditionary Forces who served in France or Belgium between 5 August and midnight of 22–23 November 1914. The former date is the day after Britain's declaration of war against the Central Powers, and the closing date marks the end of the First Battle of Ypres.

The 1914–15 Star (also known as 'Pip') was instituted in December 1918 and was awarded to officers and men of British and Imperial forces who served against the Central European Powers in any theatre of the Great War between 5 August 1914 and 31 December 1915. The period of eligibility was prior to the introduction of the Military Service Act 1916, which instituted conscription in Britain.

The British War Medal (also known as 'Squeak') was a silver or bronze medal awarded to officers and men of the British and Imperial Forces who either entered a theatre of war or entered service overseas between 5th August 1914 and 11th November 1918 inclusive. This was later extended to services in Russia, Siberia and some other areas in 1919 and 1920. Approximately 6.5 million British War Medals were issued. Approximately 6.4 million of these were the silver versions of this medal. Around 110,000 of a bronze version were issued mainly to Chinese, Maltese and Indian Labour Corps. The front (obv or obverse) of the medal depicts the head of George V. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

The Allied Victory Medal (also known as 'Wilfred') was issued by each of the allies. It was decided that each of the allies should each issue their own bronze victory medal with a similar design, similar equivalent wording and identical ribbon. The British medal was designed by W. McMillan. The front depicts a winged classical figure representing victory. Approximately 5.7 million victory medals were issued. Interestingly, eligibility for this medal was more restrictive and not everyone who received the British War Medal ('Squeak') also received the Victory Medal ('Wilfred'). However, in general, all recipients of 'Wilfred' also received 'Squeak' and all recipients of The 1914 Star or The 1914/1915 Star (also known as 'Pip') also received both 'Squeak' and 'Wilfred'. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

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