Ernest Wilson

Joseph Jones

Personal Details

Ernest Wilson was born in Whitchurch in 1896. He was the fourth son of James and Elizabeth Wilson of Chester Road, Whitchurch.

Ernest was a resident of Liverpool in 1914 when he enlisted. He landed in France on the 7th November 1915.

Military Details

Regiment : 20th (Service) Battalion The King’s (Liverpool Regiment) 4th Liverpool Pals
Rank : Private
Service Number : 22296

Died of Wounds; France 29th December 1916 Age 20

Medals and Awards
Ernest was awarded the Campaign Medals (1914/15 Star, British War Medal and Allied Victory Medal)

Campaign Medals

Great War History Hub Whitchurch Shropshire Medals Front Image

The 1914 Star (also known as 'Pip') was authorised under Special Army Order no. 350 in November 1917 and by an Admiralty Fleet Order in 1918, for award to officers and men of the British and Indian Expeditionary Forces who served in France or Belgium between 5 August and midnight of 22–23 November 1914. The former date is the day after Britain's declaration of war against the Central Powers, and the closing date marks the end of the First Battle of Ypres.

The 1914–15 Star (also known as 'Pip') was instituted in December 1918 and was awarded to officers and men of British and Imperial forces who served against the Central European Powers in any theatre of the Great War between 5 August 1914 and 31 December 1915. The period of eligibility was prior to the introduction of the Military Service Act 1916, which instituted conscription in Britain.

The British War Medal (also known as 'Squeak') was a silver or bronze medal awarded to officers and men of the British and Imperial Forces who either entered a theatre of war or entered service overseas between 5th August 1914 and 11th November 1918 inclusive. This was later extended to services in Russia, Siberia and some other areas in 1919 and 1920. Approximately 6.5 million British War Medals were issued. Approximately 6.4 million of these were the silver versions of this medal. Around 110,000 of a bronze version were issued mainly to Chinese, Maltese and Indian Labour Corps. The front (obv or obverse) of the medal depicts the head of George V. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

The Allied Victory Medal (also known as 'Wilfred') was issued by each of the allies. It was decided that each of the allies should each issue their own bronze victory medal with a similar design, similar equivalent wording and identical ribbon. The British medal was designed by W. McMillan. The front depicts a winged classical figure representing victory. Approximately 5.7 million victory medals were issued. Interestingly, eligibility for this medal was more restrictive and not everyone who received the British War Medal ('Squeak') also received the Victory Medal ('Wilfred'). However, in general, all recipients of 'Wilfred' also received 'Squeak' and all recipients of The 1914 Star or The 1914/1915 Star (also known as 'Pip') also received both 'Squeak' and 'Wilfred'. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

Further Information

Whitchurch Herald 20th January 1917

Report in the Whitchurch Herald 20th January 1917 regarding the death of Ernest Wilson

"Pte, Ernest Wilson a Whitchurch Boy K.L.R. (Pals) age 19, after a year’s active service and participating in severe action has died of wounds in No 43 Casualty Clearing Station, France
Ernest took part in the four big battles of the Somme offensive on July1/2 and his battalion were successful in entering and capturing their objective. He was also involved in very heavy fighting in Trones Wood on July 30th, where he received his first wound, which was slight and after a few days he again was in the thick of it. He was in heavy fighting in October, when many of his regiment fell but he was lucky enough to get through unhurt."

Whitchurch Herald 20th January 1917

If you can provide any further information on Ernest Wilson please get in touch by leaving a comment below, using our Contact Form or by calling in to Whitchurch Heritage Centre.

Information provided by Terry Evanson Whitchurch, Shropshire and Whitchurch Museum and Archives

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