Ernest Edward Newbrook

King's Shropshire Light Infantry

Personal Details

Born: 18 March 1893 in Whitchurch, Shropshire.

Family: He was the second of five children born to Edward Newbrook, a labourer, and his wife Catherine, nee Salmon. Ernest was a bachelor.

Residence: In 1901 his family were living at 7 Smallbrook Buildings, Whitchurch, the address given for him on the 1919 Absent Voters` List. By 1911 Ernest was working at Moss Farm, Whitchurch, this continued to be his home until at least 1939. An address of 21 Bath Street, Whitchurch was given for him at the time of his death.

Employment: In his early life he was an agricultural labourer but latterly he worked as a council road man. Sadly he collapsed and died on Tarporley Road whilst working (from his obituary in Whitchurch Herald , March 1962).

Died: In 1962 in Whitchurch, Shropshire, aged 68, and buried on 10 March the same year in Whitchurch cemetery.

Military Details

Regiment: King’s Shropshire Light Infantry 

Rank: Private

Service Number: 14617

Date of Enlistment: Prior to 28 September 1915

Date of Discharge: 27 March 1918

Reason for Discharge: Demobilisation

Medals and Awards

Ernest was awarded the Campaign Medals (1915 Star, British War Medal, and Victory Medal)

Campaign Medals

Great War History Hub Whitchurch Shropshire Medals Front Image

The 1914 Star (also known as 'Pip') was authorised under Special Army Order no. 350 in November 1917 and by an Admiralty Fleet Order in 1918, for award to officers and men of the British and Indian Expeditionary Forces who served in France or Belgium between 5 August and midnight of 22–23 November 1914. The former date is the day after Britain's declaration of war against the Central Powers, and the closing date marks the end of the First Battle of Ypres.

The 1914–15 Star (also known as 'Pip') was instituted in December 1918 and was awarded to officers and men of British and Imperial forces who served against the Central European Powers in any theatre of the Great War between 5 August 1914 and 31 December 1915. The period of eligibility was prior to the introduction of the Military Service Act 1916, which instituted conscription in Britain.

The British War Medal (also known as 'Squeak') was a silver or bronze medal awarded to officers and men of the British and Imperial Forces who either entered a theatre of war or entered service overseas between 5th August 1914 and 11th November 1918 inclusive. This was later extended to services in Russia, Siberia and some other areas in 1919 and 1920. Approximately 6.5 million British War Medals were issued. Approximately 6.4 million of these were the silver versions of this medal. Around 110,000 of a bronze version were issued mainly to Chinese, Maltese and Indian Labour Corps. The front (obv or obverse) of the medal depicts the head of George V. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

The Allied Victory Medal (also known as 'Wilfred') was issued by each of the allies. It was decided that each of the allies should each issue their own bronze victory medal with a similar design, similar equivalent wording and identical ribbon. The British medal was designed by W. McMillan. The front depicts a winged classical figure representing victory. Approximately 5.7 million victory medals were issued. Interestingly, eligibility for this medal was more restrictive and not everyone who received the British War Medal ('Squeak') also received the Victory Medal ('Wilfred'). However, in general, all recipients of 'Wilfred' also received 'Squeak' and all recipients of The 1914 Star or The 1914/1915 Star (also known as 'Pip') also received both 'Squeak' and 'Wilfred'. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.


Ernest Edward Newbrook — 2 Comments

  1. If Ernest was born in 1893 was he the “Edwin” you say spent a spell in prison in 1905?

    • You have identified an error on our Great War site. The reference to the periods of imprisonment relate to a different man. Many thanks for drawing this to our attention; we will correct the site.
      Terry Fry
      Volunteer; Whitchurch Museum & Archives

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