Arthur Phillips

Arthur Phillips

Personal Details

Born in Malpas, Cheshire in 1881 (baptised 3rd April 1881), the eldest son of the late James Phillips and Ann Phillips of Edge, Malpas, Cheshire.

Husband to Mary Bebb Phillips (nee Ryder) (married 1904) of 108 Salisbury Road, Wavertree, Liverpool, Lancashire and father of James Arthur, Nancy Mary, Harry Stanley and Kathleen L.

He was a police inspector stationed at Wallasey.

Arthur enlisted and was killed on the first day of the Battle of the Somme.

Military Details

Regiment : 20th Battalion The King’s (Liverpool Regiment)
Rank : Company Quartermaster, Sergeant
Service Number : 22810

Killed in Action; France 1 July 1916 Aged 35

Medals and Awards

Arthur was awarded the Campaign Medals (1914/15 Star, British War Medal and Allied Victory Medal).

Campaign Medals

Great War History Hub Whitchurch Shropshire Medals Front Image

The 1914 Star (also known as 'Pip') was authorised under Special Army Order no. 350 in November 1917 and by an Admiralty Fleet Order in 1918, for award to officers and men of the British and Indian Expeditionary Forces who served in France or Belgium between 5 August and midnight of 22–23 November 1914. The former date is the day after Britain's declaration of war against the Central Powers, and the closing date marks the end of the First Battle of Ypres.

The 1914–15 Star (also known as 'Pip') was instituted in December 1918 and was awarded to officers and men of British and Imperial forces who served against the Central European Powers in any theatre of the Great War between 5 August 1914 and 31 December 1915. The period of eligibility was prior to the introduction of the Military Service Act 1916, which instituted conscription in Britain.

The British War Medal (also known as 'Squeak') was a silver or bronze medal awarded to officers and men of the British and Imperial Forces who either entered a theatre of war or entered service overseas between 5th August 1914 and 11th November 1918 inclusive. This was later extended to services in Russia, Siberia and some other areas in 1919 and 1920. Approximately 6.5 million British War Medals were issued. Approximately 6.4 million of these were the silver versions of this medal. Around 110,000 of a bronze version were issued mainly to Chinese, Maltese and Indian Labour Corps. The front (obv or obverse) of the medal depicts the head of George V. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

The Allied Victory Medal (also known as 'Wilfred') was issued by each of the allies. It was decided that each of the allies should each issue their own bronze victory medal with a similar design, similar equivalent wording and identical ribbon. The British medal was designed by W. McMillan. The front depicts a winged classical figure representing victory. Approximately 5.7 million victory medals were issued. Interestingly, eligibility for this medal was more restrictive and not everyone who received the British War Medal ('Squeak') also received the Victory Medal ('Wilfred'). However, in general, all recipients of 'Wilfred' also received 'Squeak' and all recipients of The 1914 Star or The 1914/1915 Star (also known as 'Pip') also received both 'Squeak' and 'Wilfred'. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

Further Information

Liverpool Daily Post 21 July 1916

Report in the Liverpool Daily Post 21st July 1916 regarding the death of Arthur Phillips

"Inspector A. Phillips, a well-known police officer in the New Brighton district for several years, has been killed. He was thirty-five years of age and a native of Malpas, had been in the Cheshire Constabulary for fourteen years, and was promoted from sergeant to inspector at the time of the borough incorporation of Wallasey. When the "Pals" were being formed he joined them with the rank of sergeant, and eventually became a company quartermaster-sergeant. Inspector Phillips, who was a most popular non-commissioned officer, leaves a wife and four children."

Liverpool Daily Post 21st July 1916

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Information provided by Whitchurch Museum and Archives

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