Thomas Huxley

Thomas Huxley

Personal Details

Born in Whixall, Whitchurch, Shropshire in 1889, the eldest son of the late Mary and the late Thomas Huxley of Grange Cottage, Northwood, Wem, Shropshire.

When he enlisted in September 1916, Thomas was living at Wharfdale Gardens Farm, Ilkley, Yorkshire and showed his occupation as cowman.

Military Details

Regiment : 2nd/5th Battalion Duke of Wellington’s (West Riding Regiment)
Rank : Private
Service Number : 29433

Killed in action; France 30 June 1917 Aged 29

Medals and Awards
Thomas was awarded the Campaign Medals (British War Medal and Allied Victory Medal)

Campaign Medals

Great War History Hub Whitchurch Shropshire Medals Front Image

The British War Medal (also known as 'Squeak') was a silver or bronze medal awarded to officers and men of the British and Imperial Forces who either entered a theatre of war or entered service overseas between 5th August 1914 and 11th November 1918 inclusive. This was later extended to services in Russia, Siberia and some other areas in 1919 and 1920. Approximately 6.5 million British War Medals were issued. Approximately 6.4 million of these were the silver versions of this medal. Around 110,000 of a bronze version were issued mainly to Chinese, Maltese and Indian Labour Corps. The front (obv or obverse) of the medal depicts the head of George V. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

The Allied Victory Medal (also known as 'Wilfred') was issued by each of the allies. It was decided that each of the allies should each issue their own bronze victory medal with a similar design, similar equivalent wording and identical ribbon. The British medal was designed by W. McMillan. The front depicts a winged classical figure representing victory. Approximately 5.7 million victory medals were issued. Interestingly, eligibility for this medal was more restrictive and not everyone who received the British War Medal ('Squeak') also received the Victory Medal ('Wilfred'). However, in general, all recipients of 'Wilfred' also received 'Squeak' and all recipients of The 1914 Star or The 1914/1915 Star (also known as 'Pip') also received both 'Squeak' and 'Wilfred'. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

Further Information

Letter (dated 2 July 1917) written from Chaplain A David Wright to Mrs Ernest Huxley, Thomas’s sister in law, of Park House, Coton, Whixall
“Dear Madam,

I have the sad duty of writing to tell you that your brother, Pte T Huxley, 29433, 2/5 West Riding Regiment has been killed in the trenches. He was killed on the 30th June and buried at midnight on 1st July. He was killed by a German rifle grenade and could have felt no pain. Although a new man in the Company he was well liked, I am told, by all. I have only just come to this Regiment and did not myself know your brother, but please let me say how deeply I sympathise with you in your loss. You will understand that under the conditions in the trenches it was only possible to hold a short service, at night, which I conducted, for we were ourselves under shell fire at the time. I said all the prayers of our Burial Service, omitting only the Psalm and lesson, and the Colonel was present at the service. A cross with inscription will be placed on his grave which is with some other brave fellows who have died like him, for all we hold dear.

Believe me, madam, to be

Yours sincerely

A David Wright CP ”

Biography of Thomas Huxley
Our thanks go to Edward Wild for this biography which can be accessed at Thomas is commemorated on the memorial at Ilkley, West Yorkshire.

If you can provide any further information on Thomas Huxley please get in touch by leaving a comment below, using our Contact Form or by calling in to Whitchurch Heritage Centre.

Information provided by Whitchurch Museum and Archives


Thomas Huxley — 2 Comments

    • Many thanks for your information which we have added to our website. Please feel free to use the photograph on our web page

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