Philip Sydney Wrench

Royal Field Artillery

Personal Details

Born: 17 May 1893 in Utkinton, Cheshire and baptised 2 July 1893 in the Parish of Tarporley.

Family: He was the son of John Wrench, a labourer, and his wife Mary, nee Hassell. He married Agnes Ethel Dodd in 1919 in Whitchurch, Shropshire. The couple had five children, Harold, Ethel, Eric, Phyllis and Margaret.

Residence: In 1901 he was living with his aunt and uncle at 18 Ernest Street, Warrington. Cheshire. By 1911 and now working his address was The Grange, Iddensall, Tarporley, Cheshire. From at least 1922 until 1929 he and his family were living at 40 Minshull New Road, Crewe, Cheshire, but by 1939 his home was 36 Havelock Street, Crewe.

Employment: In 1911 he was a cowman on a farm. By 1920 he was employed as a labourer with the London and North West Railway Company. He was still working for the Company in 1939 when he was a loco machinist.

Died: 23 March 1957 in Crewe, Cheshire, aged 63.

Military Details

Regiment: Royal Field Artillery

Rank: Gunner

Service Number: 91030

Date of Enlistment: Not known

Date of Discharge: Not known

Reason for Discharge: Not known

Medals and Awards

Philip was awarded the Campaign Medals (1915 Star, Victory and British War Medals)

Campaign Medals

Great War History Hub Whitchurch Shropshire Medals Front Image

The 1914 Star (also known as 'Pip') was authorised under Special Army Order no. 350 in November 1917 and by an Admiralty Fleet Order in 1918, for award to officers and men of the British and Indian Expeditionary Forces who served in France or Belgium between 5 August and midnight of 22–23 November 1914. The former date is the day after Britain's declaration of war against the Central Powers, and the closing date marks the end of the First Battle of Ypres.

The 1914–15 Star (also known as 'Pip') was instituted in December 1918 and was awarded to officers and men of British and Imperial forces who served against the Central European Powers in any theatre of the Great War between 5 August 1914 and 31 December 1915. The period of eligibility was prior to the introduction of the Military Service Act 1916, which instituted conscription in Britain.

The British War Medal (also known as 'Squeak') was a silver or bronze medal awarded to officers and men of the British and Imperial Forces who either entered a theatre of war or entered service overseas between 5th August 1914 and 11th November 1918 inclusive. This was later extended to services in Russia, Siberia and some other areas in 1919 and 1920. Approximately 6.5 million British War Medals were issued. Approximately 6.4 million of these were the silver versions of this medal. Around 110,000 of a bronze version were issued mainly to Chinese, Maltese and Indian Labour Corps. The front (obv or obverse) of the medal depicts the head of George V. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

The Allied Victory Medal (also known as 'Wilfred') was issued by each of the allies. It was decided that each of the allies should each issue their own bronze victory medal with a similar design, similar equivalent wording and identical ribbon. The British medal was designed by W. McMillan. The front depicts a winged classical figure representing victory. Approximately 5.7 million victory medals were issued. Interestingly, eligibility for this medal was more restrictive and not everyone who received the British War Medal ('Squeak') also received the Victory Medal ('Wilfred'). However, in general, all recipients of 'Wilfred' also received 'Squeak' and all recipients of The 1914 Star or The 1914/1915 Star (also known as 'Pip') also received both 'Squeak' and 'Wilfred'. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.


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