Patrick O’Neill

Labour Corps

Personal Details

Born: 1884 in Prescot, Lancashire.

Family: He was the sixth of seven children born to Patrick O`Neill, a labourer, and his wife Eliza. He married Edith Davies on 7 April 1906 at Prescot Registry Office, Prescot, Lancashire. The couple had 5 children, Edward, Eliza Ann, John, Lilian Maud and George. Lilian and George were born in Whitchurch, Shropshire.

Residence: In 1891 his family was living at 16 Brown`s Court, Prescot, Lancashire. By 1901 they had moved to Court House, 1 Stone Street, Prescot. In 1911 and now married, his home was 21 Highfield Place, Prescot, however his wife Edith was not there at the time of the census. An address of 13 Highfield Place was given for him on his military documents, this was subsequently crossed out and 3 Scotland Street, Whitchurch, Shropshire added. The 1919 Absent Voters` List for Whitchurch had the same address. On his medal index card there was an address of 2 Stone Street, Prescot, Lancashire for him.

Employment:  In 1901 he was a carter for a market gardener and in 1911 a labourer.

Died:  In 1925 in Prescot.

Military Details

Regiment: Labour Corps (previously Cheshire Regiment)

Rank: Private

Service Number: 498208 (previously 3/28765)

Date of Enlistment: 24 August 1914

Date of Discharge: 12 February 1919

Reason for Discharge: Demobilisation

Medals and Awards

Patrick was awarded the Campaign Medals (1915 Star, Victory and British War Medals)

Campaign Medals

Great War History Hub Whitchurch Shropshire Medals Front Image

The 1914 Star (also known as 'Pip') was authorised under Special Army Order no. 350 in November 1917 and by an Admiralty Fleet Order in 1918, for award to officers and men of the British and Indian Expeditionary Forces who served in France or Belgium between 5 August and midnight of 22–23 November 1914. The former date is the day after Britain's declaration of war against the Central Powers, and the closing date marks the end of the First Battle of Ypres.

The 1914–15 Star (also known as 'Pip') was instituted in December 1918 and was awarded to officers and men of British and Imperial forces who served against the Central European Powers in any theatre of the Great War between 5 August 1914 and 31 December 1915. The period of eligibility was prior to the introduction of the Military Service Act 1916, which instituted conscription in Britain.

The British War Medal (also known as 'Squeak') was a silver or bronze medal awarded to officers and men of the British and Imperial Forces who either entered a theatre of war or entered service overseas between 5th August 1914 and 11th November 1918 inclusive. This was later extended to services in Russia, Siberia and some other areas in 1919 and 1920. Approximately 6.5 million British War Medals were issued. Approximately 6.4 million of these were the silver versions of this medal. Around 110,000 of a bronze version were issued mainly to Chinese, Maltese and Indian Labour Corps. The front (obv or obverse) of the medal depicts the head of George V. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

The Allied Victory Medal (also known as 'Wilfred') was issued by each of the allies. It was decided that each of the allies should each issue their own bronze victory medal with a similar design, similar equivalent wording and identical ribbon. The British medal was designed by W. McMillan. The front depicts a winged classical figure representing victory. Approximately 5.7 million victory medals were issued. Interestingly, eligibility for this medal was more restrictive and not everyone who received the British War Medal ('Squeak') also received the Victory Medal ('Wilfred'). However, in general, all recipients of 'Wilfred' also received 'Squeak' and all recipients of The 1914 Star or The 1914/1915 Star (also known as 'Pip') also received both 'Squeak' and 'Wilfred'. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.



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