Leonard Parker

Leonard Parker

Personal Details

Born in Bix, Oxfordshire on 22nd February 1886 (baptised 21st March 1886), the fifth son of The Honourable and Reverend Algernon Robert Parker and Mrs Emma Jane Anne Parker of Macefen Hall, Maesfen, Malpas, Cheshire.

Leonard attended Marlborough College and Christ Church Oxford, winning a rugby blue as a fresher in 1905. He played in the Varsity match, narrowly losing to Cambridge.

He gained a flying certificate at the Bristol Flying School and joined the Royal Flying Corps rising to Squadron Leader. He lost his life in a reconnaissance mission taking aerial photographs which were invaluable in aiding the allied offensive. His observer, Second Lieutenant H A Mann, was wounded and taken prisoner of war, surviving to the end of hostilities.

Military Details

Regiment : 52nd Squadron Royal Flying Corps, formerly 15th Hussars
Rank : Major, Squadron Leader, acting Lieutenant Colonel
Service Number :

Killed in action; France 7 January 1917 Aged 31

Medals and Awards
Leonard was awarded the Campaign Medals (1915 Star, British War Medal and Allied Victory Medal).

Campaign Medals

Great War History Hub Whitchurch Shropshire Medals Front Image

The 1914 Star (also known as 'Pip') was authorised under Special Army Order no. 350 in November 1917 and by an Admiralty Fleet Order in 1918, for award to officers and men of the British and Indian Expeditionary Forces who served in France or Belgium between 5 August and midnight of 22–23 November 1914. The former date is the day after Britain's declaration of war against the Central Powers, and the closing date marks the end of the First Battle of Ypres.

The 1914–15 Star (also known as 'Pip') was instituted in December 1918 and was awarded to officers and men of British and Imperial forces who served against the Central European Powers in any theatre of the Great War between 5 August 1914 and 31 December 1915. The period of eligibility was prior to the introduction of the Military Service Act 1916, which instituted conscription in Britain.

The British War Medal (also known as 'Squeak') was a silver or bronze medal awarded to officers and men of the British and Imperial Forces who either entered a theatre of war or entered service overseas between 5th August 1914 and 11th November 1918 inclusive. This was later extended to services in Russia, Siberia and some other areas in 1919 and 1920. Approximately 6.5 million British War Medals were issued. Approximately 6.4 million of these were the silver versions of this medal. Around 110,000 of a bronze version were issued mainly to Chinese, Maltese and Indian Labour Corps. The front (obv or obverse) of the medal depicts the head of George V. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

The Allied Victory Medal (also known as 'Wilfred') was issued by each of the allies. It was decided that each of the allies should each issue their own bronze victory medal with a similar design, similar equivalent wording and identical ribbon. The British medal was designed by W. McMillan. The front depicts a winged classical figure representing victory. Approximately 5.7 million victory medals were issued. Interestingly, eligibility for this medal was more restrictive and not everyone who received the British War Medal ('Squeak') also received the Victory Medal ('Wilfred'). However, in general, all recipients of 'Wilfred' also received 'Squeak' and all recipients of The 1914 Star or The 1914/1915 Star (also known as 'Pip') also received both 'Squeak' and 'Wilfred'. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

Further Information

Will of Leonard Parker
Parker, Leonard of Maesfen Malpas Cheshire squadron commander R.F.C. died 7 January 1917 France on active service Administration London 7 May to the honourable and reverend Algernon Robert Parker clerk. Effects £873 6s. 11d.

Taken from Forces War Records

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Information provided by Whitchurch Museum and Archives

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