John Phillips

Labour Corps

Personal Details

Born: 11 August 1897 in Whitchurch, Shropshire.

Family: He was the fifth of ten children born to John Phillips, a general labourer, and his wife Annie. He married Janet L L Hartshorn in 1920 in Walsall, Staffordshire and together they had three children – John L, Betty D and Ronald W.

Residence: In 1901 he lived at 7 Castle Hill, Whitchurch; by 1911 the family had moved to number 18 Castle Hill, where they were still living in 1919. In 1939 he was living at 21 Talbot Crescent, Whitchurch; this was his address at the time of his death in 1972.

Employment: In 1939 he was a stores and yard supervisor for a construction company.

Died: In 1972 at Whitchurch Cottage Hospital, aged 74 and was buried on 26 January the same year in Whitchurch cemetery.

Military Details

Regiment: Labour Corps (previously King’s Shropshire Light Infantry)

Rank: Private

Service Number: 449187 (previously 19147)

Date of Enlistment: Not known

Date of Discharge: Not known

Reason for Discharge: Not known

Other Information: Brother of William who also served in WW1.

Medals and Awards

John was awarded the Campaign Medals (British War Medal, and Victory Medal)

Campaign Medals

Great War History Hub Whitchurch Shropshire Medals Front Image

The British War Medal (also known as 'Squeak') was a silver or bronze medal awarded to officers and men of the British and Imperial Forces who either entered a theatre of war or entered service overseas between 5th August 1914 and 11th November 1918 inclusive. This was later extended to services in Russia, Siberia and some other areas in 1919 and 1920. Approximately 6.5 million British War Medals were issued. Approximately 6.4 million of these were the silver versions of this medal. Around 110,000 of a bronze version were issued mainly to Chinese, Maltese and Indian Labour Corps. The front (obv or obverse) of the medal depicts the head of George V. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

The Allied Victory Medal (also known as 'Wilfred') was issued by each of the allies. It was decided that each of the allies should each issue their own bronze victory medal with a similar design, similar equivalent wording and identical ribbon. The British medal was designed by W. McMillan. The front depicts a winged classical figure representing victory. Approximately 5.7 million victory medals were issued. Interestingly, eligibility for this medal was more restrictive and not everyone who received the British War Medal ('Squeak') also received the Victory Medal ('Wilfred'). However, in general, all recipients of 'Wilfred' also received 'Squeak' and all recipients of The 1914 Star or The 1914/1915 Star (also known as 'Pip') also received both 'Squeak' and 'Wilfred'. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

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