John Edgar Young

Army Veterinary Corps

Personal Details

Born: 7 August 1873 in Newhall, Cheshire.

Family: He was the fourth of nine children born to William Young, a farmer, and his wife Elizabeth. He had four brothers, Thomas, William, Charles and Harold and four sisters, Elizabeth, Gertrude, Elsie and Rosa. He married Sarah Evelyn Johnson in 1922 in Toxteth Park, Liverpool, Lancashire; no children can be confirmed for the marriage. Sarah died in 1962.

Residence: The 1881 and 1891 census records shows him living at Sheppenhall Hall, Hollin Lane, Newhall, Cheshire; by 1901 he had moved with his family to Whitchurch and was living at 5 Talbot Street. He was still there in 1911. The address shown on the 1919 Absent Voters’ Register is 9 Richmond Terrace, Whitchurch; an address of Richmond House, Whitchurch is on his medal index card (the 1911 Census records confirm these are the same address). The 1939 Register shows him living in Ashbourne, Derbyshire.

Education: Records for 1882 show that he attended Sound County Primary School.

Employment: He trained to be a vet and served in the Royal Army Veterinary Corps. The 1939 register gives his occupation as dairy farmer.

Died: 26 October 1967, Chester.

Other information:   When he volunteered John left a very successful veterinary practice in the hands of a locum, Mr Thomas Dalling. Thomas volunteered himself in 1916 and the practice was temporarily suspended.

Military Details

Regiment: Royal Army Veterinary Corps

Rank: Captain

Service Number:

Date of Enlistment: 1 October 1914

Date of Discharge: Not known

Reason for Discharge: Not known                                    

Medals and Awards

John was awarded the Campaign Medals (1914/15 Star, British War Medal and Victory Medal) and the Military Cross (whilst serving in France).

Campaign Medals

Great War History Hub Whitchurch Shropshire Medals Front Image

The 1914 Star (also known as 'Pip') was authorised under Special Army Order no. 350 in November 1917 and by an Admiralty Fleet Order in 1918, for award to officers and men of the British and Indian Expeditionary Forces who served in France or Belgium between 5 August and midnight of 22–23 November 1914. The former date is the day after Britain's declaration of war against the Central Powers, and the closing date marks the end of the First Battle of Ypres.

The 1914–15 Star (also known as 'Pip') was instituted in December 1918 and was awarded to officers and men of British and Imperial forces who served against the Central European Powers in any theatre of the Great War between 5 August 1914 and 31 December 1915. The period of eligibility was prior to the introduction of the Military Service Act 1916, which instituted conscription in Britain.

The British War Medal (also known as 'Squeak') was a silver or bronze medal awarded to officers and men of the British and Imperial Forces who either entered a theatre of war or entered service overseas between 5th August 1914 and 11th November 1918 inclusive. This was later extended to services in Russia, Siberia and some other areas in 1919 and 1920. Approximately 6.5 million British War Medals were issued. Approximately 6.4 million of these were the silver versions of this medal. Around 110,000 of a bronze version were issued mainly to Chinese, Maltese and Indian Labour Corps. The front (obv or obverse) of the medal depicts the head of George V. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

The Allied Victory Medal (also known as 'Wilfred') was issued by each of the allies. It was decided that each of the allies should each issue their own bronze victory medal with a similar design, similar equivalent wording and identical ribbon. The British medal was designed by W. McMillan. The front depicts a winged classical figure representing victory. Approximately 5.7 million victory medals were issued. Interestingly, eligibility for this medal was more restrictive and not everyone who received the British War Medal ('Squeak') also received the Victory Medal ('Wilfred'). However, in general, all recipients of 'Wilfred' also received 'Squeak' and all recipients of The 1914 Star or The 1914/1915 Star (also known as 'Pip') also received both 'Squeak' and 'Wilfred'. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.


Military Cross

Military_Cross

The Military Cross is the third-level military decoration awarded to officers and (since 1993) other ranks of the British Armed Forces, and used to be awarded to officers of other Commonwealth countries.
The Military Cross is granted in recognition of "an act or acts of exemplary gallantry during active operations against the enemy on land to all members, of any rank in Our Armed Forces". In 1979, the Queen approved a proposal that a number of awards, including the Military Cross, could be awarded posthumously.

The following Whitchurch men were recipients of the Military Cross :

Captain John Edgar Young, Royal Army Veterinary Corps
Whitchurch, Shropshire – 1 April 1919

William Richard Dugdale, Temporary Chaplain
Whitchurch, Shropshire - 3 March 1917

Alfred Arthur Hall, Temporary 2nd Lieutenant
Whitchurch, Shropshire - 3 Oct 1919

N.B. the date given is when the announcement appeared in the London Gazette


 


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