James Stewart Clelland

Welsh Regiment

Personal Details

Born: In 1890 in Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland.

Family: He was the eldest child born to Andrew McLaren Clelland, a bread vanman, and his wife Margaret (nee Stewart). He had at least one sister, Margaret; identification of further siblings has not been possible due to the unavailability of Scottish records. There is a 1914 electoral register record for a James S Clelland living at 184 Slatefield Street, Glasgow (this may relate to the right man). In 1915 he married Dorothy Muriel Whiston in Whitchurch, Shropshire and together they had two daughters, Janet and Sheila.

Residence: In 1891 he was living with his family in Cubie Street, Camlachie, Glasgow. By 1901 the family had moved to 32 Lochiel Street, Camlachie, Glasgow. His military medal card showed an address of Ryecroft, Belton Road, Whitchurch; this was his address at the time of his death.

Employment: It is possible that he was a postman in 1914.

Died: 24 January 1922 in Whitchurch and was buried on 28 January the same year in Whitchurch cemetery.

Military Details

Regiment: Welsh Regiment (previously Highland Light Infantry)

Rank: Second Lieutenant (Corporal in Highland Light Infantry)

Service Number: 14129 in Highland Light Infantry

Date of Enlistment: Not known

Date of Discharge: Not known

Reason for Discharge: Not known

Other Information: He was admitted to a field hospital in France in 1917, and then to a hospital ship, with trench fever.

Medals and Awards

James was awarded the Campaign medals (1915 Star, Victory and British War Medals)

Campaign Medals

Great War History Hub Whitchurch Shropshire Medals Front Image

The 1914 Star (also known as 'Pip') was authorised under Special Army Order no. 350 in November 1917 and by an Admiralty Fleet Order in 1918, for award to officers and men of the British and Indian Expeditionary Forces who served in France or Belgium between 5 August and midnight of 22–23 November 1914. The former date is the day after Britain's declaration of war against the Central Powers, and the closing date marks the end of the First Battle of Ypres.

The 1914–15 Star (also known as 'Pip') was instituted in December 1918 and was awarded to officers and men of British and Imperial forces who served against the Central European Powers in any theatre of the Great War between 5 August 1914 and 31 December 1915. The period of eligibility was prior to the introduction of the Military Service Act 1916, which instituted conscription in Britain.

The British War Medal (also known as 'Squeak') was a silver or bronze medal awarded to officers and men of the British and Imperial Forces who either entered a theatre of war or entered service overseas between 5th August 1914 and 11th November 1918 inclusive. This was later extended to services in Russia, Siberia and some other areas in 1919 and 1920. Approximately 6.5 million British War Medals were issued. Approximately 6.4 million of these were the silver versions of this medal. Around 110,000 of a bronze version were issued mainly to Chinese, Maltese and Indian Labour Corps. The front (obv or obverse) of the medal depicts the head of George V. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

The Allied Victory Medal (also known as 'Wilfred') was issued by each of the allies. It was decided that each of the allies should each issue their own bronze victory medal with a similar design, similar equivalent wording and identical ribbon. The British medal was designed by W. McMillan. The front depicts a winged classical figure representing victory. Approximately 5.7 million victory medals were issued. Interestingly, eligibility for this medal was more restrictive and not everyone who received the British War Medal ('Squeak') also received the Victory Medal ('Wilfred'). However, in general, all recipients of 'Wilfred' also received 'Squeak' and all recipients of The 1914 Star or The 1914/1915 Star (also known as 'Pip') also received both 'Squeak' and 'Wilfred'. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.


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