Horace James Groome

Royal Navy

Personal Details

Born: 21 July 1889 in Whitchurch, Shropshire and baptised 9 August 1889 at St. Alkmund`s Parish Church, Whitchurch.

Family: He was the third child born to William Groom, a blacksmith, and his wife Elizabeth. He married Eva M Jones Quarter 1 1916 in Forden, Montgomeryshire, Wales. The couple had two children, Rita M and Vera M.

Residence: Until at least 1891 his family were living in Barlow`s Yard, Whitchurch, but ten years later they had moved to 10 Egerton Road, Whitchurch. This was the address given for Horace on the 1919 Absent Voters` List. However the 1911 Census gave an address of 40, High Street, Welshpool, Montgomeryshire for him. In 1939 he and his family were living at 330 High Street, Connah’s Quay, Flintshire, Wales (the address on the probate calendar entry for him is 332a High Street, Connah’s Quay).

Employment: He was a baker and confectioner.

Died: 3 February 1964 in Sefton Green General Hospital, Liverpool, aged 74.

Military Details

Regiment: Royal Navy

Rank: Cook’s mate

Service Number: M10864

Date of Enlistment: Not known

Date of Discharge: 21 August 1920

Reason for Discharge: Demobilisation

Other Information:     His brother, William Frederick, also served in WW1. He was a gunner in the Royal Garrison Artillery.

Medals and Awards

Horace was awarded the Campaign Medals (British War Medal and Victory Medal)

Campaign Medals

Great War History Hub Whitchurch Shropshire Medals Front Image

The British War Medal (also known as 'Squeak') was a silver or bronze medal awarded to officers and men of the British and Imperial Forces who either entered a theatre of war or entered service overseas between 5th August 1914 and 11th November 1918 inclusive. This was later extended to services in Russia, Siberia and some other areas in 1919 and 1920. Approximately 6.5 million British War Medals were issued. Approximately 6.4 million of these were the silver versions of this medal. Around 110,000 of a bronze version were issued mainly to Chinese, Maltese and Indian Labour Corps. The front (obv or obverse) of the medal depicts the head of George V. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

The Allied Victory Medal (also known as 'Wilfred') was issued by each of the allies. It was decided that each of the allies should each issue their own bronze victory medal with a similar design, similar equivalent wording and identical ribbon. The British medal was designed by W. McMillan. The front depicts a winged classical figure representing victory. Approximately 5.7 million victory medals were issued. Interestingly, eligibility for this medal was more restrictive and not everyone who received the British War Medal ('Squeak') also received the Victory Medal ('Wilfred'). However, in general, all recipients of 'Wilfred' also received 'Squeak' and all recipients of The 1914 Star or The 1914/1915 Star (also known as 'Pip') also received both 'Squeak' and 'Wilfred'. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

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