Frederick Maddock

Canadian Expeditionary Force

Personal Details

Born: 4 November 1889 in Whitchurch, Shropshire and baptised on 4 December 1889 at St. Alkmund`s Parish Church, Whitchurch.

Family: He was the eldest of five surviving children born to Daniel Maddock, an engine cleaner and his wife Mary Ellen, nee Ray. He married Minnie Jane Brown on 24 May 1920 at St. Barnabas Church, Toronto, Ontario. Frederick and Minnie had seven children – Frederick Daniel (who was killed in action in WW2), Clifford, Gordon, Leslie, Maude, Viola and Shirley.

Residence: At the time of his baptism in 1889 his family were living in Bark Hill, Whitchurch but two years later they had moved to Green End, Whitchurch. In 1901 their address was 11 Egerton Road, Whitchurch. By 1919 he was living at 200 Christy Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. At the time of his death in 1942 his home was 397 Lawrence Street, Oshawa, Ontario.

Employment: In 1915 he was a labourer on the railroad. In 1942 he was a guard at a munitions plant.

Died: 10 April 1942 at Christie Street Hospital, Toronto and buried 13 April the same year at the Oshawa Union Cemetery, Oshawa, Ontario, aged 52.

Military Details

Regiment: 20th Battalion Canadian Expeditionary Force (1st Central Ontario Regiment)

Rank:  Private

Service Number: 58216

Date of Enlistment: 9 April 1915

Date of Discharge: 31 August 1917

Reason for Discharge: Permanently unfit

Other Information: In September 1916 he was blown up and buried by shell fire, leaving him unconscious, resulting in severe shell shock.

Medals and Awards

Frederick was awarded the Campaign medals (1915 Star, Victory and British War Medals)

Campaign Medals

Great War History Hub Whitchurch Shropshire Medals Front Image

The 1914 Star (also known as 'Pip') was authorised under Special Army Order no. 350 in November 1917 and by an Admiralty Fleet Order in 1918, for award to officers and men of the British and Indian Expeditionary Forces who served in France or Belgium between 5 August and midnight of 22–23 November 1914. The former date is the day after Britain's declaration of war against the Central Powers, and the closing date marks the end of the First Battle of Ypres.

The 1914–15 Star (also known as 'Pip') was instituted in December 1918 and was awarded to officers and men of British and Imperial forces who served against the Central European Powers in any theatre of the Great War between 5 August 1914 and 31 December 1915. The period of eligibility was prior to the introduction of the Military Service Act 1916, which instituted conscription in Britain.

The British War Medal (also known as 'Squeak') was a silver or bronze medal awarded to officers and men of the British and Imperial Forces who either entered a theatre of war or entered service overseas between 5th August 1914 and 11th November 1918 inclusive. This was later extended to services in Russia, Siberia and some other areas in 1919 and 1920. Approximately 6.5 million British War Medals were issued. Approximately 6.4 million of these were the silver versions of this medal. Around 110,000 of a bronze version were issued mainly to Chinese, Maltese and Indian Labour Corps. The front (obv or obverse) of the medal depicts the head of George V. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

The Allied Victory Medal (also known as 'Wilfred') was issued by each of the allies. It was decided that each of the allies should each issue their own bronze victory medal with a similar design, similar equivalent wording and identical ribbon. The British medal was designed by W. McMillan. The front depicts a winged classical figure representing victory. Approximately 5.7 million victory medals were issued. Interestingly, eligibility for this medal was more restrictive and not everyone who received the British War Medal ('Squeak') also received the Victory Medal ('Wilfred'). However, in general, all recipients of 'Wilfred' also received 'Squeak' and all recipients of The 1914 Star or The 1914/1915 Star (also known as 'Pip') also received both 'Squeak' and 'Wilfred'. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.


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