Charles Major Sutcliffe

Royal Horse Artillery

Personal Details

Born: 4 July 1884 in Canterbury, New South Wales, Australia.

Family: He was the third of six surviving children born to Frank Sutcliffe, a mechanical engineer, and his wife Catherine, nee Major. He married Mary Gorham in 1912 in Whitchurch, Shropshire. The couple had two children, Winifred M and Charles S. Sadly Mary died in 1921 in Whitchurch and Charles went on to marry Hannah Muriel Trafford in 1929 in Macclesfield Cheshire. No children can be found for this marriage.

Residence: At the time of his birth he was living in New South Wales, but by 1891 the family had moved back to the UK and their address was Wood Green, Church Minshull, Nantwich, Cheshire. In 1901 they were living at 172 Wrexham Road, Whitchurch and in 1911 at Bridge Cottage, Heath Road, Whitchurch. An address of 6 Dodington was given for him on the 1919 Absent Voters` List. By 1939 Charles was living in Cheshire, at Little Moss Farm, Macclesfield.

Employment: In 1901 he was an apprentice printer and compositor. He continued in this occupation until at least 1917. In 1939 he was a poultry farmer and animal feed salesman.

Died: In 1964 in Macclesfield, Cheshire, aged 79.

Military Details

Regiment: Royal Horse Artillery (previously Royal Field Artillery)

Rank: Captain

Service Number:

Date of Enlistment: Not known

Date of Discharge: Not known

Reason for Discharge: Not known

Medals and Awards

Charles was awarded the Campaign Medals (British War Medal and Victory Medal) and the Territorial Force War Medal

Campaign Medals

Great War History Hub Whitchurch Shropshire Medals Front Image

The British War Medal (also known as 'Squeak') was a silver or bronze medal awarded to officers and men of the British and Imperial Forces who either entered a theatre of war or entered service overseas between 5th August 1914 and 11th November 1918 inclusive. This was later extended to services in Russia, Siberia and some other areas in 1919 and 1920. Approximately 6.5 million British War Medals were issued. Approximately 6.4 million of these were the silver versions of this medal. Around 110,000 of a bronze version were issued mainly to Chinese, Maltese and Indian Labour Corps. The front (obv or obverse) of the medal depicts the head of George V. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

The Allied Victory Medal (also known as 'Wilfred') was issued by each of the allies. It was decided that each of the allies should each issue their own bronze victory medal with a similar design, similar equivalent wording and identical ribbon. The British medal was designed by W. McMillan. The front depicts a winged classical figure representing victory. Approximately 5.7 million victory medals were issued. Interestingly, eligibility for this medal was more restrictive and not everyone who received the British War Medal ('Squeak') also received the Victory Medal ('Wilfred'). However, in general, all recipients of 'Wilfred' also received 'Squeak' and all recipients of The 1914 Star or The 1914/1915 Star (also known as 'Pip') also received both 'Squeak' and 'Wilfred'. The recipient's service number, rank, name and unit was impressed on the rim.

Territorial Force War Medal

Great War History Hub Whitchurch Shropshire Medals Front Image

The Territorial Force War Medal was a campaign medal awarded to members of the British Territorial Force and Territorial Force Nursing Services who served overseas in World War I; it is the rarest of the five British Great War medals.

The medal was established in April 1920 for award to members of the Territorial Force and Territorial Force Nursing Services who volunteered for service overseas on or before 30 September 1914, and served overseas. They had to have been serving with the force on 4 August 1914 or have completed four years service with the force before 4 August 1914 and rejoined the force on or before 30 September 1914.

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